Monday, 5 January 2015

Little Known Facts About Termites

Termites are a small, pale soft-bodied insect that lives in large colonies with several different castes, typically within a mound of cemented earth. Termites feed on wood and can be highly destructive to trees and timber, which cause major damage to both domestic and commercial properties.

The termite has evolved more than 250 million years ago.  Termites live in underground nests and travel in their mud tubes to protect them from their enemies. Termites are the descended from the cockroach family.

Termites are social insects that live in colonies where populations can reach more than one million which consist of a queen, king, young immature nymphs, workers, soldiers and winged reproductive also known as alates. Each has a different role to perform and all interdependent upon each other for survival of their colony.

Queen termite is an egg laying machine for termites, she can live more than 25 years and produce more that 2,000 eggs a day. King termite stays near the Queen all his life, protected away in the central nursery chamber and tend to by worker termites.

Types of Termite Spices:

They build its nest at the base of a tree trunk or underground, and may form a mountain. The build Subsidiary nests in such places as the cavities in the walls of buildings where there is some moisture source like gutter pipe, rusted down pipe or leaking pipe. Coptotermes acinaciformis are highly destructive to buildings and other timber structures, and mostly found in Australia.

They build its nest in tree stumps or in a root crown of the living dead and debilitated trees or under houses or other areas where timber is buried or stored in contact with the ground. They generally found in eastern Victoria in Australia, these termites usually gouge the timber around the nails used in construction.

COPTOTERMES FRENCHI:  They build the nest in a root crown or lower trunk area of living tree, mostly in eucalypts. They build their nest as a mound in the dryer areas. These termite species is most shy, they change the place immediately after being disturbed.

NASUTITERMES WALKERI:  They build the nest in a main trunk of the tree or in the fork of a large branch. Nasutitermes walkeri become most destructive to damp wood when the sub-flooring of building is damp or ventilation is poor which cause wood decay or fungal growth.

HETEROTERMES FEROX:  They build the nest near to logs, stumps or a timber contact with the ground where some wood decay. The Heterotermes ferox mainly found where eucalypt gum trees are more and in urban areas. They mostly prefer fences, damp timber and poles with wood decay.

DAMPWOOD TERMITES: They build a small independent nest and mostly found on dead trees, decaying stumps or fence posts and utility poles, they rarely found in dry timbers. Dampwood Termite do not usually infest structures because of their need for excessive moisture. However, care must be taken to avoid attracting damp wood termites to a structure as they can cause serious property damage.

DRYWOOD TERMITES:  They build their colonies in fences, furniture, structural wood, doors and windows frames. Drywood termites do not require any contact with the soil. They live in undecayed wood with low moisture comfortable. Drywood termites can gnaw through your home support beams, floors and walls which cause major damages to property.

Termites are very sensitive instincts. If they are shaken up or disturbed, the termites will leave out the area and move to other areas in the building and damage the other part also. So if you find termites in or around your property, it is essential that you do NOT disturb them and promptly contact professional experts to handle it. Call Fumapest Termites and Pest Control expert for a professional inspection and advices to protect your home or business property.